Driving south in the countryside on Saturday afternoon, driving on Duquesne Road, Santa Cruz County, Coronado National Forest, southern Arizona, a wide road, more like a prairie belonging to the Great Plains, not the mountains of southern Arizona.
Although the mountains form a background in the distance, on the sunny day of the parade we visited, the areas between the mountains were mostly brown meadows dotted with occasional trees, windmills and small green areas, there is obvious water near the water surface.
Over the past hour, we have laid back through the mountains of the area and traveled along a dirt road of different quality.
Although known as the San Rafael Valley, this area is actually a high, flat, Plateau, surrounded by just the higher mountains, so that it is in line with the definition of the valley.
Although it is still soil, this section of dirt road we have been driving is straight and hard, giving people the feeling that it is almost paved.
It's time to stop and take some pictures, we 've been driving for almost two hours and seem to have covered over twenty hoursThree to twenty
We are 5 miles from the starting point of Arizona in the small city of Batagonia and border ghost city lokiel in southern Arizona, when I found a windmill on an open land, I decided it was time to stop and take pictures.
After shooting the windmill, the big sycamore tree next to it and a small piece of green on the grass, the fence was broken, and there seemed to be two serious marks, I suddenly remembered, except for the ghost city, I am also looking for a monument for an explorer named flau Marcos de Nessa.
The short paragraph I saw when visiting Batagonia recommending this ghost city Side Tour said that a landmark of the monument, when traveling south, will be on the right side of the road, on the left is a big sycamore tree.
Looking around twenty yards along the right side of the road, I noticed that it seemed to be the top of a cement cross, above a small high-rise on the terrain.
The first time I got to know Frau Marcos de nizzat was a beautiful Saturday in spring when my wife and I decided to go out and enjoy the little town of batago in Santa Cruz County
Before doing a quick Google search on Batagonia in Arizona to find out what's going on in the area, I 've never heard of Fray Marcos de Niza.
Fast is understatement because my wife really dragged me out of the house so we could be on the road --
She has no time to plan her trip.
However, the reference to the monument also includes the claim that Denisa was the first European country to set foot on the west of the current American Rocky Mountains.
It also made him the first European to set foot in Arizona.
Given that the monument is located in a remote location, I expect it to be a metal plaque attached to a rock that is most likely full of grass.
The fact that the authors of the proposed tour on the website consider it necessary to mention the sycamore tree as a reference point simply reinforces this.
However, it is not necessary to take the sycamore tree as a reference point, and the monument itself is very prominent in the landscape.
A huge concrete monument contains a metal plaque.
Usually, after discovering roadside historical markers or hearing local or regional historical stories that interest me, what I do is check on the Internet via Google search.
For some topics, such as my central Lady Blue, it was about the 17th-century Spanish nun Maria Agda, not only when she was sent to the southwestern United States to preach to the Indians, but when many Indians first met Spanish explorers and missionaries, who showed their knowledge of the Catholic faith and were able to describe Maria AGDA in detail, I found a lot through several searches
And other people, like me in the center of Mathew Juan, the first arizanan and the first Indian who died in World War I, it took a full three days to gather enough reliable information to accurately describe his and his actions in the war.
Frau Marcos de Neza and his life de Neza were born in about 1500 years of age in France or Italy.
He spent his youth in Nice, who was then part of the Duchy territory of Savoy, and when he became an adult he entered Santo Domingo (
Today, Dominican Republic)
As a missionary
After completing the mission in Santo Domingo, he received other missions to Guatemala, Peru and Mexico City.
On 1536, Vaka and three companions arrived in Mexico City, telling about their eight tragic experiences of wandering on new soil in Mexico and northern Cuba.
Cabeza de Vaca and his three companions were the only survivors of the navazz expedition started in 1527 by the governor of Florida, p filnfilo de narv ez, Spain, with a committee of the King of Spain, Charles V, start exploring and building two colonies along the current US Gulf Coast.
Hurricane, battle with local Indians and disease took the lives of all but cabesa de waka and his three companions who were then forced from the Gulf Coast of Texas
Cabeza de waka and his companions are the first to explore the state of Texas today, and possibly Europeans in parts of New Mexico and Arizona.
Unlike Denisa, whose later adventures brought it back to Mexico City in good condition, he also had a good written description of his trip, cabeza de Vaca and his men were forced to wander and live on the land, leaving only their memories to record what they saw.
When hearing Cabeza de Vaca's description of their trip and believing that great wealth will be found in the northern part of Mexico, spanish Governor Antonio de Mendoza has developed plans for an expedition led by Francisco v Coronado to explore the area and find wealth.
Prior to a major expedition by the Governor in Coronado, a preliminary exploration of the area had been conducted in 1539.
A preliminary expedition led by de Niza left Mexico City and arrived in the present state of Arizona on April 12, 1539, according to de Niza's detailed diary.
The De Niza monument is located about a mile north of a point where de Niza may cross today's border into Arizona.
Included at Denisa's party was a man named Estabanico or Moor van, who was a former Moors slave and was in NA with Cabeza de Vaca
De Niza uses reliable travel to get him to find the wealth they want.
Estabanico arrived at Zuni india Pueblo now in Hawikuh, western New Mexico, before being killed in battle with the Indians.
After receiving news of the death of Estabanicos, de Niza and the Mexican Indian of his party cautiously headed north to Hawikuh.
Instead of venturing into contact with local Indians, De Niza may also encounter the same fate as Estabanico, instead choosing to observe Hawikuh from a distant mountain.
Unfortunately, the distance and angle of the brilliant desert sun make the building of Hawikuh seem to be made of gold.
Denisa thought he had found the gold he was looking for and returned to Mexico to report his findings.
After receiving a report from de Niza on a golden city, the Spanish governor allowed coron Leonardo to continue to expel him.
Frau Marcos deniza accompanied coron Leonardo as planned.
However, when the units of Coronado occupied Hawikuh in July 1540, the forces saw that the buildings were not made of gold, but made of mud and straw, and that they could not see the gold, and they were against de Niza.
Instead of risking being hurt or killed by the army, when the expedition searched all the way to modern Kansas in the process of trying to find gold, Coronado chose to send him back to Mexico in disgrace.
Because of his extensive diary and notes on his 1539 journey, Marcos deniza was remembered today.
However, after he fell out of favor, Denisa appeared to have retired from the monastery and ended his days at the Xochimilco monastery outside Mexico City.
He died here in March 25, 1558.
Unlike most historical signs and stone monuments, there is nothing on the de Niza monument to indicate when it was established and no group is responsible for fixing it.
Another question is why the person in charge of building the monument will choose a location along a used dirt road in the national forest wilderness area, nearly 30 miles from the nearest town.
Since the site is located nearly a mile north of the international border, it does not indicate the exact location of Denisa's possible entry into Arizona.
Look at the monument (
This can be seen in my photo)
It is easy to see that it has a clear structure, not just a plaque on a stone that marks a specific location.
Instead, the form of the monument is a small outdoor church with concrete bench seats on both sides, raising the altar under the cross in front of it, there is enough space on the concrete floor for quite a few people to stand, or, if they bring folding chairs, sit in the center of the structure.
Let's say enough people are willing to drive for an hour on the original road, where mass can be celebrated.
It's easy to find information about de Niza on the Internet, and it's easy to find pictures (
Note: I took all the photos of this center, however, there are hundreds of photos of monuments and plaques taken and posted by others on various Internet sites)
The description of the monument and the direction to get there.
But actually, when was it built, who was responsible for it, and why this particular location was chosen.
After many searches, I stumbled upon an appendix copy of a report published by Tucson Desert Archaeological Center, the report lists the Denissa monument and some buildings and other structures in Tucson and southern Arizona that the authors believe should be included in the national list of historic places of interest.
A brief written submission indicates that the monument was constructed by the National Youth Administration (
This is part of the project schedule management in the New Deal era, that is, the well-known WPA)
1939 marks 400 anniversary of Denisa's entry into Arizona.
It also said that the Denisa monument was related to the creation of the Coronado National Memorial Park, which is located on the Mexican border and about 20 miles southeast of the Denisa monument.
Both the De Niza and coron Leonardo projects appear to have started separately, both of which appear to have been initially launched by businesses and civic supporters interested in protecting their cultural heritage.
Of course, it was during the 1930 Great Depression, and the federal government, as part of its stimulus spending program, was heavily involved in construction projects, including parks and monument buildings.
The Coronado Memorial project is the larger of the two projects, with more people involved in the organization of the project, and get more support in Washington and the capital of Arizona and New Mexico only in the Arizona Center
Both the cities of Nogales and Bisby are lobbying, hoping to find one of both the Coronado Memorial and Denisa Memorial.
Neither of them got any project.
In addition, at that time, there were some populations in the area where the de Niza monument was located.
In addition to some of the ranchers who are still there, there are at least two towns, camp Lochiel and Washington, where people and Harshaw live, and there may also be some who live in Murray and Duken.
Today is a ghost city, all in decline.
When Congress passes legislation to set up the coron Coronado National Memorial Hall east of the County of negise, officials in the city of Nogales may (
40 miles west of the Coronado Memorial, but 80 miles from existing roads)
For two reasons, they may have decided to support the de Niza monument behind the current site.
First of all, it is clear that Nogales and Bisbee are deadlocked at the site, and both sides are strong enough to stop each other from getting the monument, but not strong enough to land on their own.
Second, between the Coronado Memorial and the Nogales, locate the monument in the West (
Bisby is located east of the Coronado Memorial)
Nogales may hope to promote the future development of the Coronado Memorial (
The original plan for the Coronado Memorial was to build a large international park covering two miles across the border, but the relationship with Mexico was poor and the budget issue killed the idea)toward Nogales.
There was also talk about the possibility of building a highway between the Nogales and the Coronado Memorial, and the de Niza monument at Lochiel would help justify the road.
Of course, Lochiel will also benefit from such roads, so that their officials will push forward the current location of the monument.
However, with the rapid approach of the Second World War, the idea of the road was abandoned.
Lochiel continued to decline economically until today when border crossings were blocked and the town became a ghost town with zero population.
A dirt road still runs through the mountain, connecting Nogales with the road where the de Niza monument is located, but the process of turning over the mountains makes the road no direct road of any kind between the road monument starting from Batagonia and the Coronado Memorial, this makes the monument to de Niza stand alone in the middle of the high desert plain, with few visitors.