The Greek poet antipete of Sidon, created in the second century. C.
It is often regarded as the compilation of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
These remarkable monuments and engineering feats are called themata in Greek, or something similar to what must be seen today
View the list in the travel guide. (
See also: standing high: The Great Pyramid of Egypt. )
The relentless destruction of earthquakes, fires, wars, thefts and time left the world with an anti-pattern proposal, the Giza pyramid.
Although the pharaoh of Alexandria, the Statue of Zeus of Olympia, the temple of agemis of Ephesus, and the mausoleum of halakassus have been destroyed, archaeological and historical records provide some ideas for their emergence.
This is not the case with the giant.
Like the Sky Garden of Babylon (
Some say it doesn't exist at all)
The exact appearance of the Colossus standing above Port Rhodes is a mystery.
Overturned by an earthquake of about 225 B. C.
This huge statue stands for more than 50 years.
Historians know little about how the building looks, where it is and how it is built.
The vacuum is full of speculation and artistic licensing, but certain clues help researchers piece together a credible theory of this wonderful structure.
Fortunately for historians, it is easy to find the reason for the construction of the Colossus in the history. First-century B. C.
Historian Diodorus Siculus recorded the fourthcentury B. C.
Known for its siege of RhodesIn 408 B. C. three city-
States on the Mediterranean island of Rhodes (
Lindos, Kameiros and Ialysos)
Join forces to build a new federal capital and port.
The city, also known as Rhodes, is thriving through trade and has built strong business and diplomatic ties with other Mediterranean powers.
B . 4 century the end. C.
Two successors of Alexander the Great: The King of Egypt, tollemi, and the King of Macedonia, antigonas I, broke out a war (
Called Antigonus Cyclops because there is only one eye).
Powerful sailors and skilled diplomats will not give up their relationship with Egyptians.
Antigonu did his best to persuade them to stand on his side, and when they refused, he decided to use force.
A Roman transcript of the fourth bookcentury B. C.
The bust of Alexander the Great was sent by LysippusAntigonus to his son Demetrius at 305 B. C.
After several failed attempts to seize the city, dementius ordered the construction of a Helepolis (
Recipients of cities)
A siege tower with wheels, 100 feet high.
This terrible weapon was protected by metal plates and equipped with pop-up windows, but failed to bring victory to Demetrius.
Rhodes stood strong and dementius retreated after a year-long siege failed.
Rhodes and Macedonia agreed that the Rhodiola tree would support Antigonus against his enemies, except for tollemi.
In exchange, they will remain politically and economically independent.
Residents of Rhodes, in order to thank them for their siege, decided to build an extraordinary statue for herios.
In Greek mythology, Helios was a member of the Titans who ruled Greece before the Olympics.
The Lord of the Sun, Helios drives his chariot through the sky every day.
Rhodes Island is sacred to him. He is its protector.
In order to build this huge statue, Rhodes needs bronze and a lot of bronze.
A paper entitled The Seven Wonders of the worldcentury B. C.
Philo, an engineer at Byzantine, explained that the statue required 12 to 13 tons of bronze, an action involving the bronze industry of the whole world.
Sources say some bronze was cleared from the abandoned Helepolis and the rest was purchased with funds raised to sell weapons and armor left by Demetrius.
Chares of Lindos, a Luodian sculptor, was commissioned to build the monument.
He is a student of the famous sculptor Lysippus, who is the favorite artist of Alexander the Great.
As a dedication to Rhodes's most important divinity, the new statue must reach the victory of Rhodes it represents and the God that makes it possible.
Chares may have thought of a great statue of Zeus when conceived of his mission: carved from Phidias for the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, a large statue described
Working hours from 294 to 282C.
It took Chares 12 years to build the Colossus.
There are still many questions about what exact method he used to build it.
Philo petitreatise's paper proposes that it was cast in a custom-made way, unlike most statues: It was built in place and piece by piece.
Start working from the bottom, first put your feet.
Philo wrote: as soon as the artist completes each part, a huge mound of earth is piled up around each part, thus burying the finished work under the accumulated land, and perform the casting of the next part horizontally.
Then the statue rises like a building because each new part is attached to the part below it.
However, more than 100 years after the Colossus was built, Philo was writing.
Modern art historians do not know what sources he relies on to collect information, and many have raised objections to the methods described in his text.
The main ancient source of Colossus size is the first of the elderlycentury A. D.
Work, natural history.
After the Colossus was built about 200, Pliny wrote down the feeling of miracles, which made the Colossus included in the list of topics :[large statue]
So far, the most admirable is the giant statue of the Sun, which used to stand in Rhodes and is the work of the Lindian chares.
Pliny's account places the statue between about 108 and 110 feet (
The exact size of the Greek elbow varies from place to place).
The statue is too big, in the words of pliny, few people can buckle the finger in their arms, and the finger is bigger than most statues.
A recent contemporary of Pliny strs, also wrote this structure in his Geography.
However, despite being surprised at its size, neither of the two sources described how it looked and where it was in the port city exactly, and these omissions have been frustrating historians since then
It is indisputable that the Colossus is magnificent.
The excerpt from the poem of the Times proves that the people of the Sun, Dorian Rhodes, showed you this bronze statue that arrived at Olympus, when they calmed down the tide of war, crowned their city with loot taken from the enemy's hands.
The Colossus, the priest's bold second sun, is destined not to last for centuries: the earthquake destroyed parts of it and the City of Rhodes, at 226 or 225 B. C.
More than half a century later today
Most sources agree that when the statue breaks, it breaks at the knee.
Despite the funding and labor provided by the Egyptian trammi III Euergetes to rebuild it, Strabo told us that the Palace of Rhodiola did not dare to do so, because Oracle advised them not to do so, the pieces stayed where they fell.
The interest in the Colossus in Toledo reveals the close connection between Rhodes and Egypt, as well as the region's awe of the image of Helios.
Toremie III even painted himself on a coin as Helios, wearing a crown that represents the light of the sun.
The giant's great remains lie on the ground and have been admired for centuries.
Even if the colossus is broken, the elder Pliny points out that it is still a miracle.
The state in which it was demolished allowed the audience to peep inside, where a large number of rocks could be seen, and the artist stabilized it with its weight when it was erected.
A. 2 century. D.
Lucian of Samosata joked that Rhodes's colossus, like the pharaoh of Alexandria, can be seen from the moon.
For those who wish to appreciate the great image of Helios, time eventually runs out, even in its fallen state.
By the 7 th century, Muslim Umayad occupied most of the eastern Mediterranean.
When their generals and future calibers, muaviye, conquered Rhodes in. D.
654, he completed the demolition of the structure.
His troops collected bronze and sent it to Syria where a scrap trader bought it.
According to Byzantine court-style sources, more than 900 camels are needed to transport them all.
The Colossus disappeared, but its reputation continued to exist in memory.
Where history lacks detail, they are full of imagination.
During the Renaissance, a new belief emerged that the Colossus crossed the port of Rhodes, and as the gateway of the vessel, every great leg of it was placed on the dock at the entrance to the port
The image was transformed into a literary metaphor in William Shakespeare's julius Caesar, which was published in 1599.
The Conspirator, Cassius, uses the Colossus to express his feelings for Caesar: Why, man, he strode in the narrow world like a colossus, and we little devils in his great. .
One source of this enduring idea may have come from the description of an Italian pilgrim, Nicolas de Matoni, who visited Rhodes between 1394 and 1395.
He recorded the views of the locals on the Colossus: In ancient times, there was a great miracle, a great idol, so admirable formation that it was said to be 1 feet m on the dock, at the end of St. Nicholas Church and another pier, where is the windmill?
Historians now think that the idea of giant legs standing apart is highly unlikely.
The statue standing at least 100 feet tall cannot be supported by legs 650 feet apart.
The sculpture itself is too heavy to support its legs.
Scholars also pointed out that a wide
The strong winds in this area are irresistible.
Many sources have confirmed that when the earthquake struck, the Colossus had a broken knee, and art historians believed that its legs must be together.
The name Colossus also provides a clue.
Initially, the word does not mention height or size. The meaning of a large statue or adjective, colonial, comes from the Colossus of Rhodes itself.
The word was stolen by the Greeks of the indigenous peoples of Asia Minor and referred to a particular type of sculpture, none of which stood on separate legs.
So what might the Colossus look like?
Although the Colossus is a symbol of pride in keeping Rhodes independent, no coins are rendered completely.
Starting with a known description of Helios, the art historian argues that the Colossus may be an image of a naked male, with light coming from his head, a common attribute of the Sun God.
Some of the descriptions show the Colossus holding a torch, but historians think it may not carry it.
It is impossible to determine where the arms are, whether they are pointing straight down or the right arm is raised with the representative of the sun god in the subsequent Roman statue.
Most artistic performances of the statue place it at the entrance of the port as a landmark for shipping.
However, it is now thought that it is unlikely to be located by the sea or in the port area, in part due to the lack of a venue sufficient to accommodate it.
Although the colossus may have been built next to a temple dedicated to Helios, there is no relic or open air of the temple --
God's air sanctuary was found on the island.
Some archaeologists believe that an unidentified shelter built near the Rhodes Acropolis Stadium was actually built specifically for herios.
This explanation seems logical: Athletes from all over Greece took part in the competition during the festival of Harry, in honor of the Sun God.
In this case, the statue may have been cast in a nearby pit and then raised near the scene.
The Colossus did not last for a long time, but its legacy, even based on the wrong information, has endured and left a deep mark on modern times.
Its connection to Freedom, the torch and the Crown with sun light is an important factor in the design of the Statue of Liberty.
Its recent contribution to visual culture was inspired by the giant bronze Titan statue guarded by Port George R. Bravo. R.
"Song of Ice and Fire" is the basis of the popular TV series "Game of Thrones.