the great fishermen of britain - feeding the nation during wwii and braving mines and u-boats - metal plaque

by:ShunDing     2019-11-04
the great fishermen of britain - feeding the nation during wwii and braving mines and u-boats  -  metal plaque
The gasping steam winch was under the pressure of trawl as the ancient fishing boat began to capture the much needed fish into the cabin.
At a height close to the waves, it was a Focke Wulf 190 that spotted the fishing boat and began attacking it.
The fishing boat has no defensive capacity, and the captain can only loosen the Nets, go all out and weave them to avoid tearing the wooden hull and bridges by deadly shells.
His deadly attack on the FW190 fishing boat continued, his patrol left the old fishing boat dead in the water, and the surviving crew quickly sank with a lifeboat that miraculously
This is the fate of many British fishing boats that have been exhausted due to the fact that most of the larger, more modern fishing boats have been commandeered, armed and used as mine sweepers, patrol boats, or guard boats.
With the addition of the United States, food conditions in the UK have become more and more serious.
We have more and more merchant ships on the North Atlantic route.
Fish are essential, there is no ration, but the supply depends on these squeaky old ships, which in many ways exceed their best, this will be under constant air and submarine attack in any weather and mine
Fishing has always been considered one of the most dangerous occupations, but it has increased air, sea and mine attacks and almost committed suicide.
These people are indeed brave people and their contributions to the war effort have long been ignored.
During the war, the government recognized that fishing boats and fishermen played an important role in defending Britain's sea lanes, and that the Navy relied on them for mine action, the same applies at the beginning of World War II.
Due to its excellent airworthiness, The Golden Bell commandeered multi-trawlers and crew for the entire duration of the war, A total of about 816 cm British and Welsh trawlers and about 200 other steam tramp were expropriated during the period of invasion during the sea service.
The remainder of the actual fishing of British and Welsh fishing vessels during the conflict was about 25 before the conflict.
The level of war, but indeed, with the necessary requisition of larger, more efficient modern vessels by the Department of the Navy, the catch was significantly lower than that level.
Those who can venture to discover their fishing grounds are heavily restricted.
Most parts of the North Sea, except for a strip on the East Coast that changes in width between 15 and 30 miles, have a large number of mines, so they are fatal to all shipping.
Fishing boats on the East Coast were still fishing in the North Sea in 1939.
1944 but the number dropped sharply: Scarborough had seven fishing vessels fishing in July 1939, but fell to five in December 1940, further reduced to four in December 1942, December 3, 1943 and December 4, 1944.
Hull had 191 people working at the beginning of the war, but in December 1939 that figure fell to 66.
It further fell to a tragic level in December 1940.
Grimsby had 381 people at the beginning of the war, never less than 66 (December 1942)
However, the importance of fish to the country is so, in 1943 and 1944, the number of Hull and Grimsby has increased.
Fleewood in the North Sea once became the most important fishing port in Britain.
The main fishing sites during the war were Iceland, the Irish Sea and the west coast of Scotland and the Hebrides and the North.
Western Ireland and the south of that country-western coasts.
For the first time in terms of the enemy's actions, the impact of the war was the fishing fleet of skabrowf.
Fishing is allowed only between sunrise and sunset.
The first incident occurred on the evening of January 12, when two Scarborough fishing boats were attacked while fishing along the coast for 1940 kilometers.
German planes dive into the bombing and shoot with a mechanical gun, but when they launch the rocket, the fishing boat was cut off despite serious damage.
As mentioned earlier, the enemy's actions have seriously affected fishing operations;
Soon the Germans saw the unarmed fishing boat as a legitimate target.
In the first months of the conflict, some fishing boats, especially those working off the northern and northwestern coasts of Ireland, were sunk by gunfire from the United States.
They don't waste torpedo on the ship.
Until the submarine turns its focus to the Atlantic Ocean, the main U. S. Navy
The boat stage of the fishermen's war lasted for about three and a half months, but at the end of 1939, aircraft attacks took over and increased, deliberately targeting these defenseless fishing boats.
Throughout the war, black rocking mines remain the deadliest enemy for fishermen.
The Sea Thunder sank more boats than any other weapon.
In order to protect this important resource from the influence of 1939 Egyptian pounds, a plan to form a fishing fleet of four to eight vessels, two of which are equipped with only twelve --
A pound gun was introduced.
However, in May 1940, in order to meet the sudden and critical needs, fishing boats loaded with guns were quickly commandeered and sent to Dunkirk and elsewhere on the coast of Belgium and France to help evacuate.
Lost twelve-
Equipped with a variety of equipment, including the Lewis gun and other types of half
Out-of-date automatic weapons, along with kites, rockets, and finally more modern o'reken guns.
It should be remembered that fishermen have also saved a lot of lives at sea, rescuing the crew from the affected ships as well as British and enemy aircraft.
When drawing up the first retention career schedule, all categories of fishermen, except for serving in the Navy, were retained from the age of 18.
Although a considerable number of people volunteered to join the merchant or Royal Navy, the policy pursued during most of the Second World War meant that most fishermen continued to fish until the Navy served.
Those recruited are usually used in small boats.
Especially in the patrol department.
They can make the best use of their special skills and expertise.
Because it uses older ships and poorly equipped ships, such as expropriated fishing boats and floats injured by former crew members
Fishermen, RNPS came up with some unofficial titles that attracted interest, such as "Navy of Harry Tate", "Pirates of Churchill" and "sparrows ".
Harry Tate's name dates back to the Great War and is used to describe anything clumsy and amateur.
It originated from an old concert hall artist whose performance was to play an incompetent comedian who could not master all kinds of devices.
His actions include a car that is gradually collapsing around him.
At the beginning of World War II, it was adopted by the Royal Navy to make fun of the fishing boats and floats of the Royal Navy patrol.
In the true RNPS style they took it well and the title of Harry Tate Navy was proudly adopted.
With the war going on, it is considered the password of courage.
Unexpectedly, the war has had a significant impact on Britain's fish supply.
The total source of fresh or frozen was 1,138,875 tons in 1938, but by 1941 this source dropped sharply to 394,785 tons or 30 tons
5% of the total 1938.
Since then, supply has gradually improved, reaching 40 by 1944.
Pre-8%war total.
The balance is due to the import of more underlying goods (
Bottom feed like flour, dabs or gurnard)fish.
These can be roughly divided into direct landings of foreign fishing boats and landings of goods on cargo ships.
Not surprisingly, fish still don't have it due to supply shortages and many other food rations
Rationing, prices rose sharply in 1940 and continued to rise until price controls were introduced in the medium term1941.
At that time, Scottish cod was four times the previous.
War prices and other fish previously held in low regard
Ten times the value of its pre-war value.
It has become a widespread practice.
Fishing at sea, fishing only on land, increases the amount of edible meat ashore from a given catch, compared to the year in which the whole fish landed.
Fish and chips are not rationed, but the supply varies depending on the fish landed, but more often than not due to a lack of potatoes and cooking fat.
The types of fish attacked are variable and it is not good to expect cod to become very expensive.
Many fish and chips shops are owned and run by Italians and his father is often a prisoner or prisoner of war (
Later in the war)
It's actually a shop run by a wife.
As people say, the fish were not rationed as the war went on, but the price rose sharply.
The government initially allowed to do so because it realized that if fishermen were at risk of enemy attacks at sea, they would need to be able to charge an extra fee for their catch, but the price was controlled from 1941. Like other non-
Ration items, fish are rarely available free of charge due to supply dropping to 30%
War and long dragons in fishmongers, fish and chips shops.
Due to the low quality of wartime chips, it is often considered to be below standard
Quality fat available and cold or damaged potatoes used.
1940 and 1941 could be the worst year for British fishing boats to be hit hard by their enemies.
In fact, in the War of 2 out of 3 and 1940, nearly 1941 of British and Welsh fishing boats were lost by enemy actions while fishing.
However, in terms of the expropriation of ships and the recruitment of crew members, the demand of the Navy deprived trade.
Fishing in the North Sea is particularly restricted, and the hull is of course particularly affected.
Most fishing boats and fishing boats
Those who were pulled into the army were directed into the Royal Navy patrol.
The Royal Navy patrol service ships played a vital role, and the loss of mine-sweeping ships and personnel remained high throughout the war.
Many ships have installed the asdic, which is the early form of sonar, responsible for the-
They sent out a few U-ships with satisfaction-
Boat at the bottom.
Fishing boats from patrol departments have seen operations around the world, sometimes working in very unfamiliar waters thousands of miles from their home port.
With the restoration of peace, it is clear that the Royal Navy patrol has played a key role in the victory at sea, but has therefore paid a high price.
While it is not possible to give the exact figures of how many fishermen died while serving in the Royal Navy, it is well known that there are about 2,385 officers and men on the Royal Navy patrol, who have lost their lives from 16 to 60 years old.
The Patrol Department lost nearly 500 vessels, including more than 400 fishing boats, floats and whaling vessels.
These losses are much greater than any other division of the Royal Navy.
The whole fish trade, especially the working fishermen, has also paid a heavy labor price.
During the war, at least 1,243 British fishermen were killed in the chase.
In some ports, the impact can be measured more accurately: Hull had 191 fishing boats in July 1939, but lost more than half of them in 96 days.
Grimsby lost more than 600 fishermen during his evacuation from Dunkirk or during his naval service, when the Royal Navy needed as many ships as possible to evacuate, and RNLI was no exception.
Their well-designed boat was commandeered for evacuation, but the problem came when Navy personnel reported that the ship could not handle it.
The reason is that the design of the RNLI boat is always different, it is extra floating, extra, hard, shallow draft for offshore engineering, all of which are
Some RNLI's helmsman approached the Navy to serve the crew traveling to Dunkirk as they wanted to do everything they could to help, however, they said, if any RNLI crew member is killed during the evacuation, his family will receive a full Navy pension.
Initially, the Navy flatly refused.
After applying a little pressure, RN realized that the RNLI crew knew how to deal with their ships effectively, and they also realized that most of the volunteer crew were fishermen, their families depend entirely on the man's income.
Lifeguard personnel played a vital role in the wartime operations on the British coast.
In April 1940, the usual method of launching marowana was banned, and the ban was not lifted until December 1944.
During World War II, there were offshore fishermen in the car wash, they set out from Boston, in the spring/summer shell fish closing season, they would fish deep in Boston and offer grilled prawns
In the autumn and winter season, they collect the green mouth and chicken crown from the sand banks exposed during the ebb tide.
In many of the cockcock adventures, the young boys will accompany the fishermen with the intention of collecting wine.
The jug will be taken home and cooked there, and when it cools, a penny a bag is sold to the local child, including a pin to remove the jug from the jug shell.
Wine is popular as there is insufficient supply of sweets, and if it is a bit odd, wine is an acceptable alternative.
Fishermen sometimes find the crashed RAF aircraft lying on the beach.
Surprisingly, like Goodwin beach on the Kent coast, after about 4 weeks everything will sink into the sand and disappear completely.
Unfortunately, when a paralyzed plane returns from the bombing, the pilot is looking for an emergency landing spot where he will see the sand bank and think it is a good place for him to land.
Unfortunately, he did not realize that with the return of the tide, the sea will rise by 23 to 33 feet, thus covering the beach with deep water.
Many pilots who fled enemy territory and were killed were drowned while trying to walk to shore, unless they had the foresight to take their dirty or Mae West if they had.
Fishermen usually pick up their bodies and they receive a tragic bounty for the recovery of these unfortunate people.
Denmark has declared neutrality but was invaded by Germany in 1940.
At that time, Nazi troops poured into their country and many Danish fishing boats were at sea.
Instead of returning to occupied Denmark, many fishermen decided to sail to British ports to provide their capabilities for the British war effort.
Without losing their identity, they thought it was something they could do for the only country that fought against the Nazis and made sure that Denmark would return to freedom one day.
The fleet was escorted to the Bay of Mali by a destroyer and then dispersed to Whitewater and fleewood.
They then get supplies, refuel and install the Lewis gun there.
The names of some of the ships are on the record, Ma Kirk, C riseger, Karen Marie, Ferra, heat da, NV Lydia Ann.
On June 12, 1940, the first Danish fishing boat arrived at the Port of West Cumbria in Whitehaven.
Others initially went to the main port on the East Coast, especially Grimsby in Lincoln County.
However, many Danish fishing boats in the North Sea, like British fishing boats and drifters, have found themselves heavily attacked by German planes or the US Navy. Boats.
Since the Irish Sea is a safer fishing area, many free Danish fishing boats, while the rest of Grimsby's mother ships are in Whitehaven, Cambria, near the coast, or other Irish fishing ports.
Some of the fishing ports they used were located on the island of man, an island in the central Irish Sea, which was then used to practice many "marine creatures "(i. e.
Not a prisoner of war, but someone born in the axis).
At the end of the war, many Danish ships returned to a new home with high enthusiasm --
Liberated Denmark
They played an important role in the war efforts that led to the liberation of their motherland.
Some sailors brought the British back.
Born wife from Grimsby or White Haven.
The rest of the Danes who married British girls during exile decided to stay in the UK and support their families on land that allowed them to remain free throughout the war.
2009/2010 Mayor Copeland (
Council area in Whitehaven)
It's Henry Estepp.
The father of member wormstruppers is one of the free Danish fishermen whose mother originally moved from Grimsby to Whitehaven.
Member Wormstrup was born on man Island before his family returned to Whitehaven.
On March 2010, at the invitation of the Danish ambassador to the UK, member Wormstrup, Mr. Birger Riis j. Alimrgensen unveiled a memorial outside the former Danish consulate building next to the port White Black.
For Danish fishermen who choose to stay free and not go home to serve their occupiers, this is the most important and important --
Important moments in their lives.
A small metal plaque with the lyrics of the first two sections of the hymn "Eternal Father" may not be Britain's largest World War II Memorial.
But it does represent an almost
A forgotten episode of War
These Danish fishermen chose freedom rather than occupation and oppression, helping to feed Britain and her allies who ultimately helped win the war.
Royal Navy patrol (RNPS)
, From the early development
The War Royal Navy Reserve trawler segment reached the peak of World War II, including a variety of 1637 vessels including modified trawlers, frigates, fuel vessels, car launches and naval seaplane tenders.
Of this total, from September 1939 to May 1945, some 260 fishing boats were missing from operations from northern Norway to the east coast of North America and the Far East. Africa and the Mediterranean.
However, compared to about 15,000 RNPS personnel killed during World War II and 2385 RNPS seafarers, this material loss is negligible and they "do not have known graves other than the sea ".
Due to the dangers and losses faced by the Royal Navy patrol, they were respected in a statement by Churchill and a unique silver badge, worn on the sleeves of the military uniform, sent to people who have served in RNPS for six months or more.
The final honor was awarded to Lieutenant Richard steinard, who won the Victoria Cross in command of the hull tug-of-boat "Arab" at the Battle of Namsos.
This is a war in namuso, Norway and its surrounding areas.
The Navy and Army of France and Norway, the German army, the Navy and the Air Force in April and early May 1940.
It was one of the first important occasions during World War II when the British and French armies fought against the German army.
The message from the prime minister to the men and men of the mine-sweeping boats now that Nazi Germany has been defeated, I would like to send you, on behalf of your Majesty's Government, a message of thanks and gratitude.
The work you do is hard and dangerous.
You rarely get and never seek publicity;
The only thing you care about is doing your job well, and you do it very well.
You sail in many seas and all the weather.
This work cannot be done without loss, and we mourn all those who died and lost contact with more than 250 ships.
There is no more important job than you;
There is no better job than this.
The port is open and the UK is breathing.
The country is proud of you again.
The RNPS Memorial, run by W. S. Churchill, is located on the cliff top of the BELvue Park at lostford, overlooking the sea and the Nestlé gardens.
It was built and maintained by the Commonwealth War Grave Commission.
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